Antenna Test by Military: Full Success                                               

1st June 2008                                                                                                                            

In September 2007 I conducted a short test between the Roomcap antenna and a large horizontal
Loop antenna. The result was unexpectedly good for the Roomcap.

To have certainty in this respect we planned a long test in which the following criterias applied:
- Installation of the test site, antennas, and cabling by communication specialists of the Army
- Both antennas connected through A/B switch to the same transceiver
- Several operator who log their communication results
- Always two operators: One operating the rig, the other logging the reports

The test was conducted on 40m in SSB under the callsign HB4FF.

This test took place on the 20th May 2008 in the military camp of the communication troops in Emmental.
They installed as comparison antenna a horizontal loop (86m wire (2 wavelength long), 12m above ground
on a free field, with smartuner SG-230 in the feedpoint).
The station was in a barrack next to the antenna. Two coaxes (RG214) were layed and led to the coax-switch
connected the the transceiver. The SWR of both antennas was 1:1.
The comparing antenna was a good one, as analysed by
L.B.Cebik (W4RNL) here:  
To access these links you need a passwort (free), which you may obtain here: .

The installation and conduction of the test was supervised by a militay communication instructor.
I only had to drive with the Roomcap Antenna (1.5 m long radiator) to the parking place and connect my antenna
to the coax that was ready there. Connection was through two large current baluns who prevented that  RF was
fed to the outside of the coax cable. Furthermore, the coax cable was laying on the ground.

Then, the test could begin. Operators were the two that came with me: Dave HB9KT and Benoit HB3YRX,
and two operators from HB4FF: Jürg HB9BFC and Rolf HB9CVB.

The test was conducted according to "HF antenna tests and comparisons", where in each contact the remote
operator was asked to observe the signal strength during several changeovers between the two antennas.
The antennas were just called "antenna 1" and "antenna 2", to prevent subjective influence. Important was
the signal strength difference und not the absolute value.
In this kind of comparison no calibration of the receiver is required, as we only needed to see the difference of
the signals, or the finding that both signals are equal.
The polarisation of the antennas does not play any role, as only sky wave contacts were accounted for. In these
waves the polarisation is changing  permanently and unpredictable. 

After 6 hours duration the test was ended, and evaluation of the logs could begin.
The result looks like this: (here is the log)

- In 57% of the contacts the Roomcap antenna received the better report.
- In 29% of the contacts both antennas produced equal signal strength.
- In 14% of the contacts the Loop antenna received the better report.

The largest difference in favor of the Roomcap was reported with 13 dB (abt 2 S points).
The largest difference in favor of the Loop was 6 dB (= 1 S point).

By calculating the arithmetic mean of the signal differences, one obtains a calculated advantage of 1.5 dB
in favor of the Roomcap antenna. This includes  the fact, that the coax cable RG214 to the Loop had 2.7 dB more
attenuation (on 7 MHz) caused by the length difference, and that the connecting cable RG58 and the current baluns
had an attenuation of 0.7 dB. Accordingly, the Roomcap reports were reduced by 2 dB (= 1/3 S point).  

Here follows the list of the stations who provided comparitive reports:


HB9BWV/m reported a 30 dB stronger signal for the Roomcap. This report was excluded in the calculation, as
the station was in the ground wave at a distance of 25 Km, where the polarisation effect was responsible for
this high difference.

By switching between the two antennas during receiption, the same signal difference was noted as received
from the remote station. This shows that the antenna works in reciprocal way.

This test proves clearly, that the efficiency of the Roomcap Antenna equals that of large wire antennas,
and hereby
confirms the results that I obtained during my own tests during the last 3 years.
Each operator confirms the logged reports.

The physical explanation of this is, that generation of the EM waves is done by the dynamic E field, as explained
in "Antennas and Physics". The dominating E field can be measured only in the near field region of the antenna,
as in the far field a fixed relation between H and E field exists.  The far field does not allow determination how the
wave has been generated originally.

Many thanks to the above mentioned OMs for there voluntary, free contribution in this antenna test.

Felix, HB9ABX

Here follows pictures of this test:

This is the horizontal Loop antenna, 2 WL long for 7 MHz at 12m hight above ground

roomcap 40m 
This is the 40m Roomcap antenna in the position of the antenna comparison test